Fairfax Independent Company of Volunteers
21 September 1774
At a Meeting of a Number of Gentlemen & Freeholders of Fairfax County in the Colony of Virginia, on Wednesday the 21st Day of September 1774, George Mason Esqr. in the Chair, the following Association was formed & entered into.
In this Time of extreme Danger, with the Indian Enemy in our Country, and threat'ned with the Destruction of our Civil-rights, & Liberty, and all that is dear to British Subjects & Freemen; we the Subscribers, taking into our serious consideration the present alarming Situation of all the British Colonies upon this Continent as well as our own, being sensible of the Expediency of putting the Militia of this Colony upon a more respectable Footing, & hoping to excite others by our Example, have voluntarily freely & cordially entered Into the following Association; which we, each of us for ourselves respectively, solemnly promise, & pledge our Honours to each other, and to our Country to perform.
That we will form ourselves into a Company, not exceeding one hundred Men, by the Name of The Fairfax Independent Company of Volunteers, making Choice of our own Officers; to whom, for the Sake of Good-order & Regularity, we will pay due submission. That we will meet at such Times & Places in this County as our said Officers (to be chosen by a Majority of the Members, so soon as fifty have subscribed) shall appoint & direct, for the Purpose of learning & practising the military Exercise & Discipline; dress'd in a regular Uniform of Blue, turn'd up with Buff; with plain yellow metal Buttons, Buff Waist Coat & Breeches, & white Stockings; and furnished with a good Fire-lock & Bayonet, Sling Cartouch-Box, and Tomahawk. And that we will, each of us, constantly keep by us a Stock of six pounds of Gunpowder, twenty pounds of Lead, and fifty Gun-flints, at the least.
That we will use our utmost Endeavours, as well as the Musters of the said Company, as by all other Means in our Power, to make ourselves Masters of the Military Exercise. And that we will always hold ourselves in Readiness, in Case of Necessity, hostile Invasion, or real Danger of the Community of which we are Members, to defend to the utmost of our Power, the legal prerogatives of our Sovereign King George the third, and the just Rights & Privileges of our Country, our Posterity & ourselves upon the Principles of the British Constitution.
Agreed that all the Subscribers to this Association do meet on Monday the 17th. Day of October next, at eleven o'Clock in the Fore-noon, at the Court House in Alexandria.
Source: 1 The Papers of George Mason, 210-211 (Robert A. Rutland ed. 1970).
The Fairfax Independent Company of Volunteers Correspondence and other Articles
Fairfax County Independent Company of Volunteers in Virginia Gazette, October 5, 1774 (Pinkney) Published October 27, 1774.
Fairfax County, Virginia, Independent Company to George Washington, October 19, 1774
George Washington's Diary placing him in Alexandria on November 3, 1774, the Same Day Nicholas Cresswell sees the Fairfax Independent Company Exercise and shoot at an Effigy of Lord North. On November 13, 1774 George Washington met with the Prince William Independent Company. 3 The Diaries of George Washington, 1771-75, 1780-81, 290-291 (Donald Jackson & Dorothy Twohig eds. 1978).
Prince William County, Virginia, Independent Company of Cadets to George Washington, November 11, 1774
William Grayson to George Washington, December 27, 1774
George Washington to William Milnor, January 23, 1775, Account Book 2
The Diaries of George Washington. Vol. III. 1771-75; 1780-81. George Washington Papers at the Library of Congress: Feb.8 1775
The Diaries of George Washington. Vol. III. 1771-75; 1780-81. George Washington Papers at the Library of Congress: Feb.18 1775
Richmond County, Virginia, Independent Company of Volunteers to George Washington, March 17, 1775
George Washington to His Brother John Augustine Washington on Training an Indpependent Company, March 25, 1775
Edmund Pendleton to George Washington Informing Him of the Robbery Of the Magazine and the Williamsburg Independent Company was Ready to Act, April 21, 1775
Fredericksburg, Virginia, Militia to George Washington, April 25, 1775
Fairfax County, Virginia, Independent Company to George Washington, April 25, 1775
Prince William County, Virginia, Independent Company to George Washington, April 26, 1775
Albemarle County, Virginia, Independent Company to George Washington, April 29, 1775
The Diaries of George Washington. Vol. III. 1771-75; 1780-81. George Washington Papers at the Library of Congress: April 1775
The Diaries of George Washington. Vol. III. 1771-75; 1780-81. George Washington Papers at the Library of Congress: May 1775
Fairfax County, Virginia, Independent Company to George Washington, July 8, 1775